In ancient times, Bahrain was a piece of an empire known as Dilmun. The Greeks called it as Tyros later. The name “Bahrain” is gotten from the Arabic word Bahr, signifying “ocean.” Bahrain is an enclave that is composed of Bahrain Island and thirty other islands. It is situated in the Persian Gulf close to the Arabian Peninsula, 120 miles southwest of Iran, 14 miles toward the east of Saudi Arabia, and 17 miles toward the west of the Qatar Peninsula. The fundamental island, which represents seven-eighths of the nation’s region, is thirty miles from north to south and ten miles from east to west. The aggregate territory of the nation is 240 square miles.
Bahrain’s island area has made it remarkable among Persian Gulf states. With more noteworthy access to sea travel and more extensive presentation to outside impacts, Bahrain generally has been home to an all the more ethnically and religiously various and cosmopolitan populace than have other, more separate bay states. This receptiveness is reflected in Bahrain’s social traditions, which are considerably more direct and loose than those of its neighbors, especially traditional Saudi Arabia. Along these lines, despite the fact that Bahrain is still on a basic level an Arab-Islamic nation, it has better tolerance for modernization and Westernization than a significant number of its neighbors.
Conventional artistry ventures get state and famous help, and most towns rehearse particular customs; ʿAlī, for instance, is notable for its pottery, while specialists in Karbābād weave crate from date-palm takes off. All through the nation craftsmen participate in gold working, tinsmithing, and material making and offer their products at little shops or the Souk al-Arabaʿāʾ (“Wednesday Market”) in Manama. Shipyards at Manama and Al-Muḥarraq are destinations of dhow constructing, a profoundly regarded artistic expression. The historical center in Manama contains neighborhood ancient rarities dating from days of yore, for example, ivory dolls, stoneware, copper articles, and gold rings, a significant number of which reflect different social impacts from outside Bahrain. There is likewise a little however prospering cutting-edge artistry group.
Bahrain has a few exhibition halls, including the Bahrain National Museum and Beit al-Qurʾān, which houses a substantial accumulation of Qurʾāns, some dating to the seventh century. There are likewise exhibition halls gave to the historical backdrop of oil creation and to pearl jumping and a few workmanship displays. The Bahraini Ministry of Education keeps up a system of open libraries, the most established of which, in Manama, opened in 1946. The emirate likewise keeps up one of the important untamed life protection ranges in the Persian Gulf locale, Al-Green Park, which harbors such indigenous warm-blooded animals as the oryx and gazelle and is gone by numerous waterfowl species